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Kent Maidstone, Canterbury, Bromley, Rochester, Margate, Folkestone, Dover, Greenwich

Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. The county town is Maidstone. Kent has land borders with East Sussex, Surrey and Greater London, and a defined boundary with Essex in the middle of the Thames estuary. Kent also has a nominal border with France halfway along the Channel Tunnel and its name came from the Kingdom of Kent.

The two cities in Kent are Canterbury, the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Rochester, the seat of the Bishop of Rochester. However, since 1998 when local government was reorganised, Rochester lost its official city status through an administrative oversight; attempts are now being made to regain it. For other towns, see the list below.

Kent, because of its sobriquet "the Garden of England", might be regarded as a picturesque rural county, but farming is still an industry. Over the centuries many other industries have been of importance; some still are. Woollen cloth-making, iron-making; paper; cement; engineering: all have been part of the industrial scene. Fishing and tourism occupy many people, especially the coastal resorts. The East Kent coalfield was mined in the 20th century: and there is a nuclear power station at Dungeness. Nevertheless, the district of Thanet has been regarded as one of the most disadvantaged areas in the south-east of England.

Ferry ports, the Channel Tunnel and two motorways provide links with the European continent. There are airports at Manston and Rochester and smaller airfields at Headcorn and Lydd.

Famous residents of Kent have included Charles Dickens and Charles Darwin. Sir Winston Churchill's home Chartwell is also in Kent.

Although the Victoria County History for Kent is limited, an extensive survey of the county was undertaken over a 50-year period by Edward Hasted between 1755-1805. William Lambarde was an even earlier writer, in the 16th century.

The area has been occupied since the Lower Palaeolithic as finds from the quarries at Swanscombe attest. During the Neolithic the Medway megaliths were built and there is a rich sequence of Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman occupation indicated by finds and features such as the Ringlemere gold cup and the Roman villas of the Darent valley.

The modern name Kent is derived from the Brythonic word Cantus meaning a rim or border, being applied as a name to the eastern part of the modern county, and meaning border land or coastal district. Julius Caesar described it as Cantium, home of the Cantiaci in 51 BC.

The extreme west of the modern county was occupied by other Iron Age tribes; the Regnenses and possibly another ethnic group occupying The Weald. East Kent became one of the kingdoms of the Jutes during the fifth century AD (see Kingdom of Kent) and the area was later known as Cantia in about 730 and Cent in 835. The early Mediaeval inhabitants of the county were known as the Cantwara or Kent people, whose capital was Canterbury.

Canterbury is the religious centre of the Anglican faith, and see of St Augustine of Canterbury. Augustine is traditionally credited with bring Christianity to the county and thus to England in 597.

Following the invasion of Britain by William of Normandy the people of Kent adopted the motto Invicta meaning undefeated and claiming (quite wrongly) that they had frightened the Normans away, presumably in an attempt to defame the people of Hastings in neighbouring Sussex.

During the medieval period, Kent produced several rebellions including the Peasants' Revolt led by Wat Tyler and later, Jack Cade's rebellion of 1450. Thomas Wyatt led an army into London from Kent in 1553, against Mary I. Canterbury became a great pilgrimage site following the martyrdom of Thomas Becket. Canterbury's religious role also gave rise to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, a key development in the rise of the written English language and ostensibly set in the countryside of Kent.

By the 17th century, tensions between Britain and the continental powers of the Netherlands and France led to increasing military build-up in the county. Forts were built all along the coast following a daring raid by the Dutch navy on the shipyards of the Medway towns in 1667.

During World War II the airfields in Kent played a vital part in the Battle of Britain while civilian settlements were often bombed.

Places of interest
Bayham Abbey Lamberhurst Bedgebury Pinetum Bewl Water Bough Beech Reservoir, Ide Hill Bluewater Shopping Centre Canterbury Cathedral Chartwell, Winston Churchill's home Chatham_Dockyard It has been suggested Chatham originated the word chav. Chiddingstone Castle Cinque Ports Deal Castle Dolphin Yard Sailing Barge Museum, Sittingbourne Dover Castle Dungeness Power Station East Kent Railway, a heritage railway Emmett's Garden, Ide Hill Faversham Hever Castle Hoo Peninsula Ightham Mote 14th century house Isle of Grain Isle of Sheppey Isle of Thanet Kent & East Sussex Railway, a heritage railway Kent Battle of Britain Museum Kent International Airport (formerly known as London Manston Airport) with two aviation museums Knole, Sevenoaks Leeds Castle North Downs Way, a long distance footpath Penshurst Place Reculver Roman Fort & Reculver Tower Richborough Castle & Roman Fort, near Sandwich Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, a heritage railway Romney Marsh Royal Engineers Museum of Military Engineering, Gillingham St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury Scotney Castle Sissinghurst Castle Garden, Sissinghurst Sittingbourne & Kemsley Light Railway, a heritage railway Smallhythe Place, Tenterden Stour Valley Walk Squerryes Court & Garden, Westerham Turner Gallery to open in Margate Upnor Castle Walmer Castle & Gardens The Wantsum Channel

Acol Acrise Addington Adisham Aldington Aldington Frith Alkham Allhallows Allhallows on Sea Anvil Green Appledore Arpinge Ash - Canterbury Ash - Sevenoaks Ashford Ashley Ashurst Aylesford Aylesham Badgers Mount Badlesmere Bapchild Barfrestone Barham Barsted Bean Bearsted Bekesbourne Beltinge Beltring Benenden Benover Bethersden Betsham Betteshanger Bicknor Bidborough Biddenden Bilsington Bilting Birchington Birling Bishopsbourne Bitchet Green Blackham Bladbean Blean Bobbing Bodsham Bonnington Borden Borough Green Bossingham Bough Beech Boughton Aluph Boughton Lees Boughton Malherbe Boughton Monchelsea Boughton under Blean Boxley Brabourne Brabourne Lees Bramling Brasted Brasted Chart Breach Bredgar Bredhurst Brenchley Brenzett Bridge Brissenden Green Broad Oak Broad Street Broadstairs Brompton Brook Brookland Broomfield - Canterbury Broomfield - Maidstone Buckland Burham Burmarsh Canterbury Capel Capel le Ferne Capstone Chainhurst Chalk Challock Charing Charing Heath Chart Sutton Chartham Chartham Hatch Chatham Chattenden Cheeseman's Green Chelsfield Cheriton Chestfield Chevening Chiddingstone Chiddingstone Causeway Chilham Chillenden Chipstead Chislet Church Street Claygate Claygate Cross Cliffe Cliffe Woods Cliffsend Cobham Coldred Collier Street Conyer Cooling Court at Street Cowden Coxheath Cranbrook Cranbrook Common Crittenden Crockenhill Crockham Hill Crockhurst Street Cross at Hand Crouch Crundale Culverstone Green Curteis Corner Curtisden Green Cuxton Darenth Dargate Dartford Deal Den Cross Densole Denstroude Denton Derringstone Detling Dinas Cross Ditton Doddington Dover Downswood Drellingore Dungeness Dunkirk Dunks Green Dunks Green Dunton Green Dymchurch Easole Street East Barming East End East Farleigh East Langdon East Malling East Peckham East Stourmouth East Studdal East Sutton Eastchurch Eastling Eastry Ebbsfleet Eccles Eddington Edenbridge Egerton Elham Elmsted Elmstone Elvington Etchinghill Ewell Minnis Eyhorne Street Eynsford Eythorne Fairseat Farningham Farthingloe Faversham Fawkham Green Finglesham Five Oak Green Flete Folkestone Fordcombe Fordwich Four Elms Four Throws Frindsbury Frinsted Frittenden Garlinge Garlinge Green Gill's Green Gillingham Godden Green Godmersham Golden Green Golford Goodnestone - Canterbury Goodnestone - Faversham Goudhurst Grafty Green Grain Grange Graveney Gravesend Great Chart Great Mongeham Great Stonar Greatstone on Sea Greenhill Greenhithe Grove Guston Hacklinge Hadlow Haffenden Quarter Hale Street Hales Place Halfway House Halling Halstead Ham Ham Hill Hamptons Hamstreet Harbledown Harrietsham Hartley - Sevenoaks Hartley - Tunbridge Wells Hartlip Harvel Hassell Street Hastingleigh Hawkenbury Hawkhurst Hawkinge Hawley Headcorn Heaverham Hempstead Henghurst Herne Herne Bay Herne Common Hernhill Hersden Hever Hextable High Halden High Halstow High Street Higham - Tonbridge Higham Rochester Highsted Hildenborough Hillborough Hinxhill Hoaden Hoath Hodsall Street Holborough Hollingbourne Honey Hill Hoo St Werburgh Hook Green Horsmonden Horton Kirby Hothfield Hucking Hunters Forstal Hunton Hythe Grain Ickham Ide Hill Iden Green Ightham Istead Rise Ivy Hatch Ivychurch Iwade Kearsney Kemsing Kemsley Kenardington Kennington Kilndown Kings Hill Kingsdown Kingsdown - Sittingbourne Kingsnorth Kingston Kingswood Kipping's Cross Knatts Valley Knockholt Knockholt Pound Knowlton Laddingford Lamberhurst Lane End Langley Langton Green Larkfield Leaveland Leeds Leigh Leigh Green Lenham Lenham Heath Leybourne Leysdown on Sea Lidsing Linkhill Linton Little Chart Little Mongeham Littlebourne Littlestone on Sea Liverton Street Longfield Loose Lordswood Lower Halstow Lower Hardres Lower Higham Lower Stoke Lower Upnor Luddenham Court Luddesdown Luton Lydd Lydd on Sea Lydden - Dover Lydden - St. Peters Lymbridge Green Lyminge Lympne Lynsted Maidstone Maltman's Hill Manston Marden Marden Thorn Margate Mark Beech Marlpit Hill Marsh Green Marshborough Marshside Martin Martin Mill Matfield Maypole Meopham Meopham Station Mereworth Mersham Milebush Mill Hill Milstead Milton Regis Minster Minster on Sea Mockbeggar Molash Monks Horton Monkton Murston Mystole Nackington Nettlestead Nettlestead Green New Ash Green New Barn New Hythe New Romney Newbarn Newchurch Newenden Newingreen Newington Newnham Nonington North Street Northbourne Northfleet Norton Oad Street Oare Offham Old Romney Old Wives Lee Orlestone Ospringe Otford Otham Otterden Ottinge Oversland Paddlesworth - Folkestone Paddlesworth - Maidstone Paddock Wood Painter's Forstal Painters Forstal Patrixbourne Pean Hill Pedlinge Peene Pembury Penshurst Petham Pett Bottom Platt Plaxtol Pluckley Pluckley Thorne Postling Potter's Forstal Preston - Faversham Preston - Fordwich Queen Street Queenborough Rainham Ram Lane Ramsgate Reading Street Reculver Rhodes Minnis Ridley Ringwould Ripple River Riverhead Rochester Rodmersham Rolvenden Rolvenden Layne Romney Marsh Romney Street Rough Common Roughway Round Green Royal British Legion Village Ruckinge Rushenden Rusthall Ryarsh Saltwood Sandgate Sandhurst Sandling Sandway Sandwich Sandwich Bay Sarre Seal Seasalter Sellindge Selling Selsted Sevenoaks Sevenoaks Weald Sevington Shadoxhurst Shalmsford Street Shatterling Sheerness Sheldwich Sheldwich Lees Shepherdswell Shepway Shipbourne Shirkoak Sholden Shoreham Shorne Shottenden Singlewell Sissinghurst Sittingbourne Small Hythe Smarden Smeeth Snargate Snave Snodland Snowdown Sole Street - Cobham Sole Street - Waltham South Darenth South Green South Stifford South Street South Willesborough Southborough Southfleet Speldhurst St Margarets at Cliffe St Mary's Bay St Mary Hoo St Mary in the Marsh St Michaels St Nicholas at Wade St Peters Stalisfield Green Standen Stanford Stanhope Stansted Staple Staplehurst Stelling Minnis Stockbury Stodmarsh Stoke Stone - Dartford Stone - Rye Stone Street Stonewood Stowting Stowting Common Street End Strood Stubbs Cross Sturry Sundridge Sutton Sutton at Hone Sutton Valence Swalecliff Swanley Swanscombe Swingfield Swingfield Minnis Swingfield Street Tankerton Temple Ewell Tenterden Teston Teynham Thanington The Moor The Stocks Thong Three Chimneys Throwley Throwley Forstal Thurnham Tilmanstone Tonbridge Tonge Toomebridge Tovil Toys Hill Trottiscliffe Tudeley Tunbridge Wells Tunstall Twydall Tyler Hill Ulcombe Underriver Upchurch Uplees Upnor Upper Halling Upper Harbledown Upper Hardres Court Upstreet Vigo Wainscott Walderslade Walmer Waltham Warden Warehorne Warren Street Wateringbury Well Hill West Cliffe West Farleigh West Hougham West Hythe West Kingsdown West Langdon West Malling

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