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Isle of Wight Newport, Brading, Cowes & East Cowes, Ryde, Sandown, Shanklin, Yarmouth

History of the Isle of Wight.
Much of the land now making up the Isle of Wight was deposited during the late Cretaceous, at times part of a large river valley complex which consisted of much of the current southern coast of England. The swamps and ponds of the region at that time made the island excellent for the preservation of fossils, and means that it is now one of the richest locations for finding dinosaurs in Europe (for more information see the dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight article).

The Isle of Wight became an island sometime after the end of the last Ice Age when post-glacial rebound caused the land level to sink, the Solent flooding and separating the island from the mainland. The island was part of Celtic Britain and known to the Romans as Vectis, captured by Vespasian in the Roman invasion. After the Roman era the Isle of Wight was settled by the Jutes, a Germanic tribe, in the early stages of the Anglo-Saxon invasions. The latter's corruption of Vectis into Wiht (the Latin v was pronounced [w]) is the root of the island's name.

Memorial to Charles I at Carisbrooke CastleThe Norman Conquest created the position of Lord of the Isle of Wight. Carisbrooke Priory and the fort of Carisbrooke Castle were founded. The island did not come under full control of the crown until it was sold by the dying last Norman Lord, Lady Isabella de Fortebus, to Edward I in 1293. The Lordship thereafter became a Royal appointment with a brief interruption when Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Warwick was crowned King of the Isle of Wight, King Henry VI assisting in person at the ceremony, placing the crown on his head. He died in 1445, aged 22. With no male heir, his regal title expired with him.

Henry VIII, who developed the Royal Navy and its permanent base at Portsmouth, fortified the island at Yarmouth, East & West Cowes and Sandown, sometimes re-using stone from dissolved monasteries as building material. Sir Richard Worsley, Captain of the Island at this time, successfully commanded the resistance to the last of the French attacks in 1545. Much later on after the Spanish Armada in 1588 the threat of Spanish attacks remained, and the outer fortifications of Carisbrooke Castle were built between 1597 and 1602. During the English Civil War King Charles fled to the Isle of Wight believing he would receive sympathy from the governor Robert Hammond. Hammond was appalled, and incarcerated the king in Carisbrooke Castle.

Osborne House and its magnificent grounds are now open to the publicQueen Victoria made Osborne House on the Isle of Wight her summer home for many years, and as a result it become a major holiday resort for members of European royalty, whose many houses could later claim descent from her through the widely flung marriages of her offspring. During her reign in 1897 the World's first radio station was set up by Marconi at the Needles battery at the western tip of the Island.

In 1904 a mysterious illness began to kill honeybee colonies on the island, and had nearly wiped out all hives by 1907 when the disease jumped to the mainland, and decimated beekeeping in the British Isles. Called the Isle of Wight Disease, the cause of the mystery ailment was not identified until 1921 when it was traced to the mite Acarapis woodi. The disease (now called Acarine Disease) frightened many other nations because of the importance of bees in pollination of many food plants. Laws against importation of honeybees were passed, but this merely delayed the eventual spread of the parasite to the rest of the world.

The Isle of Wight Festival could describe several events, but usually the term refers to one very large rock festival that took place near Afton Down, West Wight in 1970, following two smaller concerts in 1968 and 1969. The 1970 show was notable for being the last public performance by Jimi Hendrix before his death and the number of attendees reaching, by many estimates 600,000[2] despite only 50,000 tickets being sold and overtaking the attendance at Woodstock in the previous year. The festival was revived in 2002 and is now an annual event - with other, smaller musical events of many different genres across the Island becoming associated with it

Places of interest
Alum Bay Appuldurcombe House Blackgang Chine Carisbrooke Castle Dinosaur Isle Golden Hill Fort Fort Victoria Isle of Wight Steam Railway Osborne House The Needles Robin Hill Yarmouth Castle Quarr Abbey

Adgestone Afton Alverstone Apse Heath Arreton Barton Bathingbourne Bembridge Bierley Binstead Blackgang Blackwater Bonchurch Borthwood Bouldnor Bowcombe Brading Branstone Brighstone Brook Calbourne Carisbrooke Chale Chale Green Chillerton Cowes Cranmore Cross Lane Culver Down Downend East Cowes Easton Fishbourne Forest Side Freshwater Freshwater Bay Gatcombe Godshill Gunville Gurnard Hale Common Hamstead Havenstreet Horringford Hulverstone Hunny Hill Kingston Lake Limerstone Little Atherfield Littletown Locksgreen Luccombe Village Mark's Corner Merstone Moortown Morton Mottistone Nettlecombe Nettlestone Newbridge Newchurch Newport Newtown Ningwood Niton Niton Undercliff Northwood Norton Norton Green Nunwell Oakfield Osborne Parkhurst Parkhurst Forest Porchfield Quarr Hill Queen's Bower Rew Street Rookley Rookley Green Roud Rowridge Ryde Sandford Sandown Seaview Shalcombe Shalfleet Shanklin Shide Shorwell St Helens St Lawrence Staplers Steephill Thorley Thorley Street Thorncross Totland Bay Ventnor Wellow Whippingham Whiteley Bank Whitwell Winford Wootton Wootton Bridge Wootton Common Wroxall

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